A New Find of the Fossil Cyclosorus From the Eocene of South China and Its Paleoclimatic Implication

J Plant Res. 2016 Jan;129(1):3-12. doi: 10.1007/s10265-015-0765-0. Epub 2015 Nov 17.

Abstract

The thelypteroid ferns are widely distributed across tropical regions around the world, but information about their fossil representatives is scarce. A new species, Cyclosorus scutum Naugolnykh, Wang, Han et Jin was discovered from the Eocene Changchang Formation of Hainan Island, South China, and is described on the basis of sterile and fertile leaves, sori, sporangia and spores preserved in situ. Discovery of this new species clearly shows that climatic conditions of that time in this area were humid, i.e. warm and wet.

Keywords: Cyclosorus; Eocene; Ferns; Paleoclimate; South China; Thelypteridaceae.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • China
  • Climate Change
  • Climate*
  • Ferns / anatomy & histology*
  • Ferns / classification
  • Ferns / physiology*
  • Fossils / anatomy & histology*
  • Plant Dispersal*