Neuroblastoma Amplified Sequence (NBAS) mutation in recurrent acute liver failure: Confirmatory report in a sibship with very early onset, osteoporosis and developmental delay

Eur J Med Genet. 2015 Dec;58(12):637-41. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmg.2015.11.005. Epub 2015 Nov 11.


Background: Recently, biallelic mutations in the Neuroblastoma Amplified Sequence NBAS gene have been identified in ten patients that present recurrent acute liver failure (RALF) in early infancy. In addition to severe liver dysfunction, some of these individuals also suffered from other comorbidities including cardiomyopathy, neurologic phenotypes and gastrointestinal immune defects. Here we report on a consanguineous Lebanese family with three siblings affected by RALF. Of note, neonatal spontaneous fractures, developmental delay, prominent eyes, generalized hirsutism, gum hypertrophy, and hepato-splenomegaly ​were also present.

Methods: Whole-genome SNP genotyping in all the patients, followed by exome sequencing was performed in one of the affected siblings.

Results: A homozygous c.409C > T (p.Arg137Trp) missense mutation in NBAS was identified in all patients.

Conclusion: Overall, our findings confirm the involvement of NBAS in the pathogenesis of this condition characterized by severe liver dysfunction and help expand its phenotypical spectrum.

Keywords: NBAS; Recurrent acute liver failure; Spontaneous bone fractures.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age of Onset
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Consanguinity
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Developmental Disabilities / diagnosis
  • Developmental Disabilities / genetics
  • Female
  • High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
  • Homozygote
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Liver Failure, Acute / diagnosis
  • Liver Failure, Acute / genetics*
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation*
  • Mutation, Missense
  • Neoplasm Proteins / chemistry
  • Neoplasm Proteins / genetics*
  • Osteoporosis / diagnosis
  • Osteoporosis / genetics
  • Pedigree
  • Phenotype
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Siblings
  • Young Adult


  • NBAS protein, human
  • Neoplasm Proteins