Plant vascular development: from early specification to differentiation

Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2016 Jan;17(1):30-40. doi: 10.1038/nrm.2015.6. Epub 2015 Nov 18.


Vascular tissues in plants are crucial to provide physical support and to transport water, sugars and hormones and other small signalling molecules throughout the plant. Recent genetic and molecular studies have identified interconnections among some of the major signalling networks that regulate plant vascular development. Using Arabidopsis thaliana as a model system, these studies enable the description of vascular development from the earliest tissue specification events during embryogenesis to the differentiation of phloem and xylem tissues. Moreover, we propose a model for how oriented cell divisions give rise to a three-dimensional vascular bundle within the root meristem.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Body Patterning*
  • Cell Differentiation*
  • Phloem / cytology
  • Plant Roots / embryology
  • Plant Vascular Bundle / cytology*
  • Plant Vascular Bundle / embryology*
  • Xylem / cytology