To investigate whether the X-ray unit type used for interventional endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) procedures may affect patient radiation doses. A total of 471 ERCP procedures performed in 4 hospitals with 4 types of X-ray units were studied. Kerma-area product (KAP), fluoroscopy time (T) and total number of radiographs acquired (F) were recorded. KAP, T and F values exhibited a great variation, ranging from 0.1 to 130.2 Gy cm2 (mean 16 Gy cm2), 0.13 to 33.7 min (mean 5.4 min) and 0 to 26 radiographs (mean 3.5), respectively. The respective mean values for the four types of X-ray units that were investigated were as follows: KAP: 17.4, 12.5, 5.6 and 36.3 Gy cm2, T: 4.7, 5.2, 3.8 and 11.5 min and F: 1.7, 7.4, 1.9 and 4.6 radiographs. The type of the X-ray unit seems to significantly affect patient radiation dose, with the C-arm delivering the lowest and the angiography unit the highest patient doses.
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