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Clinical Trial
. 1989 Jun;49(6):1169-78.
doi: 10.1093/ajcn/49.6.1169.

Dietary Carbohydrate-To-Fat Ratio: Influence on Whole-Body Nitrogen Retention, Substrate Utilization, and Hormone Response in Healthy Male Subjects

Affiliations
Clinical Trial

Dietary Carbohydrate-To-Fat Ratio: Influence on Whole-Body Nitrogen Retention, Substrate Utilization, and Hormone Response in Healthy Male Subjects

L J McCargar et al. Am J Clin Nutr. .

Abstract

The effect of a high-carbohydrate and a high-fat diet on nitrogen retention, substrate utilization, and serum hormone concentrations was assessed in six healthy male subjects. Both diets were fed at a level estimated to provide maintenance and 75% maintenance energy requirements. Urine and feces were collected and analyzed for N and energy content. Anthropometric measurements; fasting and postprandial oxygen consumption; and serum levels of glucose, triglycerides, and metabolic hormones were measured. The high-fat diet increased N retention at both energy levels with significance reached at maintenance energy intakes (p less than 0.05). The high-fat diet resulted in less weight loss (p less than 0.05) at low energy and a consistently lower respiratory quotient (p less than 0.05), indicative of increased fat oxidation. The N sparing effect of the high-fat diet did not appear to be explained by hormone levels observed but may be substrate mediated.

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