Imaging Features of Uncommon Gynecologic Cancers

AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2015 Dec;205(6):1346-59. doi: 10.2214/AJR.14.12695.


Objective: The role of imaging in patients with suspected gynecologic malignancies is to provide an accurate diagnosis to achieve the best and most tailored treatment plan. Uncommon cancers pose a distinct challenge, because current knowledge of these diseases is still limited. Our purpose is to highlight the role of cross-sectional imaging techniques, including ultrasound, CT, MRI, and PET/CT, in the diagnosis and pretreatment stratification of patients with rare gynecologic cancers.

Conclusion: This review shows the relevance of imaging findings for diagnosis, staging, and treatment planning in patients with uncommon uterine, cervical, vaginal, vulvar, and ovarian cancers.

Keywords: CT; MRI; PET/CT; oncologic imaging; rare gynecologic cancers; ultrasound.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Diagnostic Imaging*
  • Female
  • Genital Neoplasms, Female / diagnosis*
  • Genital Neoplasms, Female / pathology
  • Humans
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Patient Care Planning