Objective: The role of imaging in patients with suspected gynecologic malignancies is to provide an accurate diagnosis to achieve the best and most tailored treatment plan. Uncommon cancers pose a distinct challenge, because current knowledge of these diseases is still limited. Our purpose is to highlight the role of cross-sectional imaging techniques, including ultrasound, CT, MRI, and PET/CT, in the diagnosis and pretreatment stratification of patients with rare gynecologic cancers.
Conclusion: This review shows the relevance of imaging findings for diagnosis, staging, and treatment planning in patients with uncommon uterine, cervical, vaginal, vulvar, and ovarian cancers.
Keywords: CT; MRI; PET/CT; oncologic imaging; rare gynecologic cancers; ultrasound.