Purpose: ActivatingPIK3CAgenomic alterations are frequent in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), and there is an association between phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling and radioresistance. Hence, we investigated the therapeutic efficacy of inhibiting PI3K with GDC-0032, a PI3K inhibitor with potent activity against p110α, in combination with radiation in HNSCC.
Experimental design: The efficacy of GDC-0032 was assessedin vitroin 26 HNSCC cell lines with crystal violet proliferation assays, and changes in PI3K signaling were measured by Western blot analysis. Cytotoxicity and radiosensitization were assessed with Annexin V staining via flow cytometry and clonogenic survival assays, respectively. DNA damage repair was assessed with immunofluorescence for γH2AX foci, and cell cycle analysis was performed with flow cytometry.In vivoefficacy of GDC-0032 and radiation was assessed in xenografts implanted into nude mice.
Results: GDC-0032 inhibited potently PI3K signaling and displayed greater antiproliferative activity in HNSCC cell lines withPIK3CAmutations or amplification, whereas cell lines withPTENalterations were relatively resistant to its effects. Pretreatment with GDC-0032 radiosensitizedPIK3CA-mutant HNSCC cells, enhanced radiation-induced apoptosis, impaired DNA damage repair, and prolonged G2-M arrest following irradiation. Furthermore, combined GDC-0032 and radiation was more effective than either treatment alonein vivoin subcutaneous xenograft models.
Conclusions: GDC-0032 has increased potency in HNSCC cell lines harboringPIK3CA-activating aberrations. Further, combined GDC-0032 and radiotherapy was more efficacious than either treatment alone inPIK3CA-altered HNSCCin vitroandin vivo This strategy warrants further clinical investigation.
©2015 American Association for Cancer Research.