Dental Implants

Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 2015 Oct;36(5):415-26. doi: 10.1053/j.sult.2015.09.002. Epub 2015 Sep 12.

Abstract

Dental implants restore function to near normal in partially or completely edentulous patients. A root-form implant is the most frequently used type of dental implant today. The basis for dental implants is osseointegration, in which osteoblasts grow and directly integrate with the surface of titanium posts surgically embedded into the jaw. Radiologic assessment is critical in the preoperative evaluation of the dental implant patient, as the exact height, width, and contour of the alveolar ridge must be determined. Moreover, the precise locations of the maxillary sinuses and mandibular canals, as well as their relationships to the site of implant surgery must be ascertained. As such, radiologists must be familiar with implant design and surgical placement, as well as augmentation procedures utilized in those patients with insufficient bone in the maxilla and mandible to support dental implants.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Dental Implants*
  • Humans
  • Jaw / diagnostic imaging*
  • Mandible / diagnostic imaging
  • Maxilla / diagnostic imaging
  • Maxillary Sinus / diagnostic imaging
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed

Substances

  • Dental Implants