Detoxification and antioxidant effects of garlic and curcumin in Oreochromis niloticus injected with aflatoxin B₁ with reference to gene expression of glutathione peroxidase (GPx) by RT-PCR

Fish Physiol Biochem. 2016 Apr;42(2):617-29. doi: 10.1007/s10695-015-0164-4. Epub 2015 Nov 21.


The present study aims to investigate the effects of both garlic and curcumin through evaluating their therapeutic properties as antioxidants on liver and kidney functions, hepatic antioxidants and GPx gene expression against aflatoxicosis of O. niloticus. In total, 180 of tilapia were divided into ten groups; T1 represented the negative control fed on a basal diet, and T2 was injected with a single intraperitoneal (i.p.) dose of AFB1 (6 mg/kg b.w.). Fish in T3-T6 were fed on a basal diet supplemented with both garlic (T3 and T4) and curcumin (T5 and T6) at the two concentrations of 10 and 20 g/kg diet, respectively. Fish in T7-T10 groups were injected with AFB1 and fed on the garlic (T7 and T8) and curcumin (T9 and T10) dietaries. The results showed that AFB1 has significant potency for increasing the activity of plasma AST, ALT, creatinine and uric acid values, and hepatic MDA as well as for reducing the concentrations of plasma TP, AL, GL and hepatic activity of TAC, while AFB1 led to up-regulated GPx gene expression when compared to the control (T1). These harmful effects of AFB1 were alleviated due to the garlic and curcumin dietaries in some studied parameters. Garlic reflected the highest induction of gene expression (T7); however, curcumin showed significant down-regulated (T9). These results concluded that the effects of garlic were better than curcumin at the two concentrations and the low concentration of them is more beneficial than the high concentration when it used against AFB1 in O. niloticus.

Keywords: Aflatoxin B1; Antioxidant indexes; Curcumin; Garlic; Gene expression; Liver and kidney functions; Oreochromis niloticus.

MeSH terms

  • Aflatoxin B1 / toxicity*
  • Animals
  • Cichlids / physiology*
  • Curcumin*
  • Diet / methods
  • Dietary Supplements*
  • Garlic*
  • Gene Expression
  • Glutathione Peroxidase / genetics*
  • Glutathione Peroxidase / metabolism
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical / toxicity*


  • Water Pollutants, Chemical
  • Aflatoxin B1
  • Glutathione Peroxidase
  • Curcumin