Backgroud: Several lifestyle-related behaviors are associated with cardiovascular health outcomes in adolescents. To examine the associations between clustered lifestyle-related behaviors and blood pressure (BP) levels in adolescents.
Methods: Participants were recruited by multistage random cluster in two cross-sectional studies; one conducted in 2006 and 2007 in ten cities from nine European countries: Athens and Heraklion in Greece, Dortmund in Germany, Ghent in Belgium, Lille in France, Pécs in Hungary, Rome in Italy, Stockholm in Sweden, Vienna in Austria, and Zaragoza in Spain; and another conducted in 2007 one city in Brazil (Maringá/PR). Systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) (outcomes) and clustered behaviors (weekly consumption of fruits and vegetables, weekly consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, sleep duration, screen time and physical activity) were analyzed.
Results: The Healthy Eating cluster was negatively associated with DBP in European girls, β=-2.46 (-4.62; -0.30), and with SBP in Brazilian boys, β=-2.79 (-3.10; -0.15). Furthermore, the Unhealthy Eating cluster was associated with increased SBP in European girls, β=4.54 (1.29; 7.79), and in Brazilian boys, β=4.10 (0.80; 7.40).
Conclusion: The Healthy Eating cluster was associated with lower blood pressure, whereas the Unhealthy Eating cluster was associated with increased SBP in adolescents.
Keywords: Adolescents; Blood pressure; Cross-sectional studies; Lifestyle-related behaviors.
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