Inflammatory bowel disease patients will likely come to the surgeon's attention at some point in their course of disease, and they present several unique anatomic, metabolic, and physiologic challenges. Specific and well-recognized complications of chronic Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis are presented as well as an organized and evidence-based approach to the medical and surgical management of such disease sequelae. Topics addressed in this article include intestinal fistula and short bowel syndrome, pouch complications, and deep venous thrombosis with emphasis placed on optimization of the patient's physiologic state for best outcomes.
Keywords: Crohn's disease; Intestinal failure; Intestinal fistula; Intestinal pouch complications; Ulcerative colitis; Venothromboembolism.
Published by Elsevier Inc.