Background: p53 gene mutations are associated with human tumors, and are among the most common genetic abnormalities. To understand the relationship between p53 mutations and glycine decarboxylase (GLDC) expression in B cell lymphoma, we established B cell lymphoma animal models to study GLDC expression in B cell lymphoma mice.
Materials and methods: Based on immunohistochemical staining results, BALB/c nude mice were divided into a p53 protein-positive group and a p53 protein-negative group. GLDC mRNA expression was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction, and GLDC protein expression was determined by Western blot. We designed a GLDC-specific interference fragment siRNA-transfected human B cell lymphoma cell line (Raji) to establish a B cell lymphoma animal model.
Results: The results showed both GLDC mRNA and protein expression increased in the B cell lymphoma tissue of the p53 protein-positive group compared with the p53 protein-negative group. The proliferation ability of GLDC siRNA-transfected cells decreased significantly compared with the negative-control siRNA group and the blank control group (p < 0.05), which showed that the GLDC gene can promote cell proliferation in p53-mutated B cell lymphoma.
Conclusion: These studies support a direct relationship between p53 mutations and GLDC expression in B cell lymphoma. GLDC can induce dramatic changes in glycolysis and glycine/serine metabolism, leading to changes in pyrimidine metabolism and tumor development.
© 2015 S. Karger GmbH, Freiburg.