Primary Sleep Disorders

Psychiatr Clin North Am. 2015 Dec;38(4):683-704. doi: 10.1016/j.psc.2015.08.002.


Primary sleep disorders include those not attributable to another medical or psychiatric condition: insomnia disorder, hypersomnolence disorder, narcolepsy, obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome, central sleep apnea syndrome, and the parasomnias. They are commonly encountered and are comorbid with many psychiatric disorders. It is important to recognize these disorders and be comfortable treating them or to know when to refer to a sleep disorders center and sleep specialist. Treatment of a comorbid sleep disorder can improve the overall quality of life, symptoms in mood disorders, and symptoms of excessive daytime sleepiness, and decrease cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.

Keywords: Cataplexy; Central sleep apnea; Hypersomnolence; Insomnia; Narcolepsy; Obstructive sleep apnea; Periodic limb movement disorder; Restless leg syndrome.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Disorders of Excessive Somnolence* / diagnosis
  • Disorders of Excessive Somnolence* / drug therapy
  • Humans
  • Narcolepsy* / diagnosis
  • Narcolepsy* / drug therapy
  • Parasomnias* / diagnosis
  • Parasomnias* / therapy
  • Restless Legs Syndrome* / diagnosis
  • Restless Legs Syndrome* / drug therapy
  • Risk Factors
  • Sleep Apnea Syndromes* / diagnosis
  • Sleep Apnea Syndromes* / therapy
  • Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders* / psychology
  • Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders* / therapy