Epidemiology of Hepatitis C Virus: A Battle on New Frontiers

Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2015 Dec;44(4):699-716. doi: 10.1016/j.gtc.2015.07.002.


The hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a leading cause of liver-related morbidity and mortality in the United States and other parts of the world. The epidemiology of the disease is highly variable between and within countries, and strategies to deal with HCV identification and treatment must be tailored to the geographic location and the political and economic environment of the region. Although great strides have been made in improving HCV transmission risk in blood supply products, new challenges related to changing patterns of disease incidence continue to require fresh evaluation and new approaches to disease prevention.

Keywords: Acute HCV; Co-infection; HCV epidemiology; Incidence; Prevalence.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Developed Countries
  • Developing Countries
  • Global Health
  • Hepatitis C, Chronic / epidemiology*
  • Hepatitis C, Chronic / prevention & control
  • Hepatitis C, Chronic / transmission
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Prevalence