The SHINE Trial Infant Feeding Intervention: Pilot Study of Effects on Maternal Learning and Infant Diet Quality in Rural Zimbabwe

Clin Infect Dis. 2015 Dec 15;61 Suppl 7(Suppl 7):S710-5. doi: 10.1093/cid/civ846.


The Sanitation Hygiene Infant Nutrition Efficacy (SHINE) trial is designed to measure the independent and combined effects of improved water, sanitation, and hygiene and improved infant feeding on child stunting and anemia in Zimbabwe. We developed and pilot-tested the infant feeding intervention delivered by 9 village health workers to 19 mothers of infants aged 7-12 months. Between September 2010 and January 2011, maternal knowledge was assessed using mixed methods, and infant nutrient intakes were assessed by 24-hour recall. We observed positive shifts in mothers' knowledge. At baseline, 63% of infants met their energy requirement and most did not receive enough folate, zinc, or calcium; none met their iron requirement. Postintervention, all infants received sufficient fat and vitamin A, and most consumed enough daily energy (79%), protein (95%), calcium (89%), zinc (89%), folate (68%), and iron (68%). The SHINE trial infant feeding intervention led to significant short-term improvements in maternal learning and infant nutrient intakes.

Keywords: complementary feeding; dietary assessment; infant and young child feeding; intervention design research; lipid-based nutrient supplement.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Diet / standards
  • Female
  • Health Education*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / standards*
  • Male
  • Micronutrients
  • Mothers / education*
  • Pilot Projects
  • Rural Population
  • Zimbabwe


  • Micronutrients