Efficacy of a 2% Climbazole Shampoo for Reducing Malassezia Population Sizes on the Skin of Naturally Infected Dogs

J Mycol Med. 2015 Dec;25(4):268-73. doi: 10.1016/j.mycmed.2015.10.004. Epub 2015 Nov 18.

Abstract

Objective of the study: Shampoo therapy is often recommended for the control of Malassezia overgrowth in dogs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vivo activity of a 2% climbazole shampoo against Malassezia pachydermatis yeasts in naturally infected dogs.

Animals: Eleven research colony Beagles were used.

Materials and methods: The dogs were distributed randomly into two groups: group A (n=6) and group B (n=5). Group A dogs were washed with a 2% climbazole shampoo, while group B dogs were treated with a physiological shampoo base. The shampoos were applied once weekly for two weeks. The population size of Malassezia yeasts on skin was determined by fungal culture through modified Dixon's medium contact plates pressed on left concave pinna, axillae, groins, perianal area before and after shampoo application. Samples collected were compared by Wilcoxon rank sum test.

Results: Samples collected after 2% climbazole shampoo application showed a significant and rapid reduction of Malassezia population sizes. One hour after the first climbazole shampoo application, Malassezia reduction was already statistically significant and 15 days after the second climbazole shampoo, Malassezia population sizes were still significantly decreased. No significant reduction of Malassezia population sizes was observed in group B dogs.

Conclusion: The application of a 2% climbazole shampoo significantly reduced Malassezia population sizes on the skin of naturally infected dogs. Application of 2% climbazole shampoo may be useful for the control of Malassezia overgrowth and it may be also proposed as prevention when recurrences are frequent.

Keywords: Chien; Climbazole; Dog; In vivo; Malassezia pachydermatis; Shampoo; Shampooing.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Cutaneous
  • Animals
  • Antifungal Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Colony Count, Microbial
  • Dermatomycoses / drug therapy*
  • Dermatomycoses / veterinary
  • Dog Diseases / drug therapy*
  • Dogs
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Imidazoles / administration & dosage*
  • Malassezia / drug effects*
  • Malassezia / growth & development
  • Male
  • Skin / drug effects
  • Skin / microbiology
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Antifungal Agents
  • Imidazoles
  • climbazole