An electrically controlled drug delivery system based on conducting poly(3,4-ethylenedioxypyrrole) matrix

Bioelectrochemistry. 2016 Apr:108:13-20. doi: 10.1016/j.bioelechem.2015.11.002. Epub 2015 Nov 14.


As numerous therapeutic agents are not well tolerated when administrated systemically, localized and controlled delivery can help to decrease their toxicity by applying an optimized drug concentration at extended exposure time. Among different types of drug delivery systems, conjugated polymers are considered as promising materials due to their biocompatibility, electrical conductivity and ability to undergo controllable redox reactions. In this work poly(3,4-ethylenedioxypyrrole), PEDOP, matrix is described for the first time as a reservoir of a model drug, ibuprofen (IBU). Drug immobilization process is performed in situ, during the electrochemical polymerization of 10 mM EDOP in the presence of 5-50 mM IBU. The loading efficiency of polymer matrix is dependent on IBU concentration and reaches 25.0±1.3 μg/cm2. The analysis of PEDOP-IBU chemical structure based on Raman spectroscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy and surface morphology data provided by scanning electron microscopy shows that IBU is accumulated in the structure of matrix and evidently influences its morphology. IBU is then released in a controlled way under the influence of applied potential (-0.7 V vs. Ag/AgCl). It is demonstrated that the judicious choice of the synthesis conditions leads to a tailored loading efficiency of PEDOP matrix and to a tunable drug release.

Keywords: Biomedical engineering; Conducting polymer; Drug delivery; Ibuprofen; Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxypyrrole).

MeSH terms

  • Delayed-Action Preparations
  • Drug Carriers / chemistry*
  • Drug Liberation
  • Electric Conductivity*
  • Electrochemistry
  • Ibuprofen / chemistry
  • Polymers / chemistry*
  • Pyrroles / chemistry*


  • Delayed-Action Preparations
  • Drug Carriers
  • Polymers
  • Pyrroles
  • Ibuprofen