Type D personality, anxiety, depression and personality traits in patients with isolated itching of the external auditory canal

J Laryngol Otol. 2016 Jan;130(1):50-5. doi: 10.1017/S0022215115003011. Epub 2015 Nov 26.

Abstract

Objective: This study evaluated type D personality, anxiety, depression and personality traits in patients with isolated itching of the external auditory canal.

Method: A hundred consecutive out-patients with isolated itching of the external auditory canal and 100 controls were enrolled in the study. The Type D Scale, the abbreviated form of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were used for data collection. Patients were also evaluated using the Modified Itch Severity Scale.

Results: In all, 43 per cent of patients and 15 per cent of controls met the criteria for a type D personality. Patients with a type D personality had higher anxiety and itching severity but lower extraversion compared with those without a type D personality. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that extraversion and type D personality were independently associated with itch severity.

Conclusion: These data suggest that clinicians should consider psychological and personality features when evaluating and treating patients with isolated itching of the external auditory canal.

Keywords: Anxiety; Depression; External Ear Canal; Extraversion (Psychology); Pruritus; Type D Personality.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anxiety Disorders / complications*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Depressive Disorder / complications*
  • Ear Canal
  • Ear Diseases / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pruritus / psychology*
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Type D Personality*