Patterns of Occurrence and Marine Mammal Acoustic Behavior in Relation to Navy Sonar Activity Off Jacksonville, Florida

Adv Exp Med Biol. 2016;875:791-9. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2981-8_97.


Passive acoustic data collected from marine autonomous recording units deployed off Jacksonville, FL (from 13 September to 8 October 2009 and 3 December 2009 to 8 January 2010), were analyzed for detection of cetaceans and Navy sonar. Cetaceans detected included Balaenoptera acutorostrata, Eubalaena glacialis, B. borealis, Physeter macrocephalus, blackfish, and delphinids. E. glacialis were detected at shallow and, somewhat unexpectedly, deep sites. P. macrocephalus were characterized by a strong diel pattern. B. acutorostrata showed the strongest relationship between sonar activity and vocal behavior. These results provide a preliminary assessment of cetacean occurrence off Jacksonville and new insights on vocal responses to sonar.

Keywords: Autonomous acoustic recorder; Marine acoustic recording unit; Midfrequency active sonar; Vocal behavior.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acoustics*
  • Animals
  • Behavior, Animal / physiology*
  • Cetacea / physiology*
  • Florida
  • Geography
  • Military Personnel*
  • Seasons
  • Sound*
  • Species Specificity
  • Vocalization, Animal / physiology