Sample preparation for thermo-gravimetric determination and thermo-gravimetric characterization of refuse derived fuel

Waste Manag. 2016 Feb;48:265-274. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2015.11.018. Epub 2015 Nov 21.


Thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA) is a useful method for characterizing fuels. In the past it has been applied to the study of refuse derived fuel (RDF) and related materials. However, the heterogeneity of RDF makes the preparation of small representative samples very difficult and this difficulty has limited the effectiveness of TGA for characterization of RDF. A TGA method was applied to a variety of materials prepared from a commercially available RDF using a variety of procedures. Applicability of TGA method to the determination of the renewable content of RDF was considered. Cryogenic ball milling was found to be an effective means of preparing RDF samples for TGA. When combined with an effective sample preparation, TGA could be used as an alternative method for assessing the renewable content of RDF.

Keywords: Cryo-milling; Proximate analysis; Refused derived fuel (RDF); Sample characterization; Sample preparation; Thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Biofuels / analysis*
  • Refuse Disposal / methods*
  • Temperature
  • Thermogravimetry / methods*
  • Waste Products*


  • Biofuels
  • Waste Products