Cases requiring increased number of repositioning maneuvers in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. Jul-Aug 2016;82(4):452-7. doi: 10.1016/j.bjorl.2015.08.018. Epub 2015 Nov 4.

Abstract

Introduction: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a clinical syndrome that is proposed to be caused by dislocated utricular debris into semicircular canals. Although the majority of patients are treated by one or two repositioning maneuvers, some of the patients need repeated maneuvers for relief.

Objective: The goal of this study was to investigate the factors associated with patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo who required multiple repositioning procedures for treatment.

Methods: Data were obtained from the clinical records of 153 patients diagnosed with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Patients were treated by repositioning maneuvers. Demographic data and the factors including age, sex, canal type, duration of symptoms, comorbidities and number of repositioning maneuvers for relief were documented for statistical analysis.

Results: Age, sex, canal type and the duration of symptoms had no impact on the number of maneuvers. The most common comorbidity was spine problems. Hypertension was the only comorbidity that significantly associated with increased number of maneuvers.

Conclusion: The presence of hypertension is a risk factor for repeated maneuvers in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo treatment. Physicians should be aware of the increased probability of repeated repositioning maneuvers in these group of patients. The role of comorbidities and vascular factors need to be further clarified in the course of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.

Keywords: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo; Comorbidade; Comorbidity; Hipertensão; Hypertension; Manobra de reposicionamento; Repositioning maneuver; Vertigem posicional paroxística benigna.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo / therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / complications
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Positioning / methods*
  • Physical Therapy Modalities*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult