Effectiveness of pelvic floor muscle training in treating urinary incontinence in women: A current review

Actas Urol Esp. 2016 Jun;40(5):271-8. doi: 10.1016/j.acuro.2015.09.001. Epub 2015 Nov 21.
[Article in English, Spanish]


Objective: To analyse the content of various published studies related to physical exercise and its effects on urinary incontinence and to determine the effectiveness of pelvic floor training programmes.

Method: We conducted a search in the databases of PubMed, CINAHL, the Cochrane Plus Library, The Cochrane Library, WOS and SPORTDiscus and a manual search in the Google Scholar metasearcher using the search descriptors for documents published in the last 10 years in Spanish or English. The documents needed to have an abstract or complete text on the treatment of urinary incontinence in female athletes and in women in general.

Results: We selected 3 full-text articles on treating urinary incontinence in female athletes and 6 full-text articles and 1 abstract on treating urinary incontinence in women in general. The 9 studies included in the review achieved positive results, i.e., there was improvement in the disease in all of the studies.

Conclusions: Physical exercise, specifically pelvic floor muscle training programmes, has positive effects on urinary incontinence. This type of training has been shown to be an effective programme for treating urinary incontinence, especially stress urinary incontinence.

Keywords: Disfunción; Dysfunction; Female population; Fortalecimiento; Improvement; Mejora; Perineum; Periné; Población femenina; Strengthening.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Exercise Therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Pelvic Floor*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Urinary Incontinence / therapy*