Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information

Nucleic Acids Res. 2016 Jan 4;44(D1):D7-19. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkv1290. Epub 2015 Nov 28.


The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides a large suite of online resources for biological information and data, including the GenBank(®) nucleic acid sequence database and the PubMed database of citations and abstracts for published life science journals. Additional NCBI resources focus on literature (PubMed Central (PMC), Bookshelf and PubReader), health (ClinVar, dbGaP, dbMHC, the Genetic Testing Registry, HIV-1/Human Protein Interaction Database and MedGen), genomes (BioProject, Assembly, Genome, BioSample, dbSNP, dbVar, Epigenomics, the Map Viewer, Nucleotide, Probe, RefSeq, Sequence Read Archive, the Taxonomy Browser and the Trace Archive), genes (Gene, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), HomoloGene, PopSet and UniGene), proteins (Protein, the Conserved Domain Database (CDD), COBALT, Conserved Domain Architecture Retrieval Tool (CDART), the Molecular Modeling Database (MMDB) and Protein Clusters) and chemicals (Biosystems and the PubChem suite of small molecule databases). The Entrez system provides search and retrieval operations for most of these databases. Augmenting many of the web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized datasets. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural

MeSH terms

  • Bacteria / genetics
  • Bacteria / isolation & purification
  • Databases as Topic*
  • Databases, Chemical
  • Databases, Genetic
  • Databases, Protein
  • Genes
  • Genetics, Medical
  • Genomics
  • Humans
  • Internet
  • National Library of Medicine (U.S.)
  • PubMed
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Software
  • United States