Patellofemoral Pain

Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2016 Feb;27(1):31-52. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2015.08.002.


Patellofemoral pain is characterized by insidious onset anterior knee pain that is exaggerated under conditions of increased patellofemoral joint stress. A variety of risk factors may contribute to the development of patellofemoral pain. It is critical that the history and physical examination elucidate those risk factors specific to an individual in order to prescribe an appropriate and customized treatment plan. This article aims to review the epidemiology, risk factors, diagnosis, and management of patellofemoral pain.

Keywords: Diagnosis; Management; Patellofemoral pain; Risk factors; Runner.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Humans
  • Pain Management / methods*
  • Pain Measurement
  • Patellofemoral Joint / injuries*
  • Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome / diagnosis*
  • Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome / therapy*
  • Physical Therapy Modalities
  • Risk Factors
  • Running / injuries*