An Evidence-Based Videotaped Running Biomechanics Analysis

Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2016 Feb;27(1):217-36. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2015.08.006. Epub 2015 Oct 20.


Running biomechanics play an important role in the development of injuries. Performing a running biomechanics analysis on injured runners can help to develop treatment strategies. This article provides a framework for a systematic video-based running biomechanics analysis plan based on the current evidence on running injuries, using 2-dimensional (2D) video and readily available tools. Fourteen measurements are proposed in this analysis plan from lateral and posterior video. Identifying simple 2D surrogates for 3D biomechanic variables of interest allows for widespread translation of best practices, and have the best opportunity to impact the highly prevalent problem of the injured runner.

Keywords: Biomechanics; Form; Injuries; Motion analysis; Observational; Running; Video analysis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Athletic Injuries / diagnosis*
  • Athletic Injuries / physiopathology
  • Athletic Injuries / prevention & control*
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Cumulative Trauma Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Cumulative Trauma Disorders / physiopathology
  • Cumulative Trauma Disorders / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Risk Factors
  • Running / injuries*
  • Stress, Mechanical
  • Videotape Recording*