A simplified determination of total concentrations of Ca, Fe, Mg and Mn in addition to their bioaccessible fraction in popular instant coffee brews

Food Chem. 2016 Apr 15;197(Pt A):388-94. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.10.138. Epub 2015 Oct 29.


A direct analysis of instant coffee brews with HR-CS-FAAS spectrometry to determine the total Ca, Fe, Mg and Mn content has been developed and validated. The proposed method is simple and fast; it delivers good analytical performance; its accuracy being within -3% to 3%, its precision--2-3% and detection limits--0.03, 0.04, 0.004 and 0.01 mg l(-1) for Ca, Fe, Mg and Mn, respectively. In addition, Ca, Fe, Mg and Mn bioaccessibility in instant coffee brews was measured by means of the in vitro gastrointestinal digestion with the use of simulated gastric and intestinal juice solutions. Absorption of metals in intestinal villi was simulated by means of ultrafiltration over semi-permeable membrane with a molecular weight cut-off of 5 kDa. Ca, Fe, Mg and Mn concentrations in permeates of instant coffee gastrointestinal incubates were measured with HR-CS-FAA spectrometry.

Keywords: Calcium; Direct analysis; Flame atomic absorption spectrometry; In vitro gastrointestinal digestion; Instant coffee; Iron; Magnesium; Manganese.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Calcium / analysis*
  • Coffea / chemistry*
  • Coffee / chemistry*
  • Iron / analysis*
  • Magnesium / analysis*
  • Manganese / analysis*
  • Metals / analysis
  • Spectrophotometry, Atomic / methods


  • Coffee
  • Metals
  • Manganese
  • Iron
  • Magnesium
  • Calcium