Eight-day consumption of inulin added to a yogurt breakfast lowers postprandial appetite ratings but not energy intakes in young healthy females: a randomised controlled trial

Br J Nutr. 2016 Jan 28;115(2):262-70. doi: 10.1017/S0007114515004432. Epub 2015 Dec 1.


Increasing feelings of satiety may reduce appetite and energy intake. The role of inulin consumption in impacting satiety is unclear. A randomised double-blind controlled crossover trial aimed to determine the effects of inulin+yogurt on satiety after 1 and 8-d consumption. The preload breakfast included 100 g vanilla yogurt with (yogurt-inulin (YI)) and without (yogurt-control (YC)) 6 g inulin. A total of nineteen healthy females (22·8 (sd 2·7) years) with non-restrained eating behaviour and taking hormonal contraceptives participated in the study. Day 1 and 8 visual analogue scale (VAS) ratings of Hunger, Fullness, Desire to Eat and Prospective Food Consumption (PFC) were collected at fasting and every 30 min for 180 min. Energy intake was calculated from a weighed ad libitum lunch and remainder of day food records. Total AUC was calculated for each VAS. Day 1 (VAS only) and 8 (VAS and energy intakes) data were compared between YI and YC using ANCOVA, and ANOVA was used to compare energy intakes on Day 1. There were no significant differences between Day 1 YI and YC AUC appetite ratings or energy intakes. However, 8-d consumption of YI v. YC was associated with lower Desire to Eat and PFC ratings but similar lunch and total day energy intakes. Therefore, the addition of 6 g inulin to a commercially available yogurt affected feelings of appetite, but not energy intake, after repeated consumption. These results suggest that inulin may be a suitable ingredient to increase dietary fibre consumption, with potential to impact appetite.

Keywords: Appetite; DP degree of polymerisation; GIQ gastrointestinal questionnaire; Inulin; PFC; Prospective Food Consumption; Satiety; VAS visual analogue scale; YC yogurt-control; YI yogurt-inulin; Yogurt.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Appetite / drug effects*
  • Breakfast*
  • Contraceptives, Oral, Hormonal
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Dietary Fiber / administration & dosage
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Energy Intake*
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hunger
  • Inulin / administration & dosage*
  • Inulin / adverse effects
  • Postprandial Period
  • Satiation / drug effects
  • Yogurt*
  • Young Adult


  • Contraceptives, Oral, Hormonal
  • Dietary Fiber
  • Inulin