Enzyme processing of La Crosse virus glycoprotein G1: a bunyavirus-vector infection model

Virology. 1989 Jul;171(1):108-13. doi: 10.1016/0042-6822(89)90516-3.

Abstract

Efficient transmission, amplification, and dissemination of arboviruses require viral replication in vertebrate and invertebrate hosts. As a result, virions are exposed to two significantly different environments. Exposure of LaCrosse virus (LACV) to proteolytic enzymes, such as those that may be found in the mosquito midgut, increases virus affinity for mosquito cells. These enzymes remove the major envelope glycoprotein (G1) while leaving the second glycoprotein (G2) intact. Processing of LACV glycoproteins in the mosquito midgut may be necessary to expose attachment proteins on the virion surface before attachment to, and infection of, midgut cells can occur. This model may suggest answers to questions regarding the molecular basis for midgut infection barriers and species susceptibility to arbovirus infection in nature.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bunyaviridae / metabolism*
  • Cell Line
  • Encephalitis Virus, California / metabolism*
  • Encephalitis, California / physiopathology
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism
  • Models, Biological
  • Peptide Hydrolases / pharmacology*
  • Receptors, Virus / metabolism*
  • Vero Cells
  • Viral Envelope Proteins / metabolism*

Substances

  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Receptors, Virus
  • Viral Envelope Proteins
  • Peptide Hydrolases