Target Selection During Protein Quality Control

Trends Biochem Sci. 2016 Feb;41(2):124-137. doi: 10.1016/j.tibs.2015.10.007. Epub 2015 Nov 25.

Abstract

Protein quality control (QC) pathways survey the cellular proteome to selectively recognize and degrade faulty proteins whose accumulation can lead to various diseases. Recognition of the occasional aberrant protein among an abundant sea of similar normal counterparts poses a considerable challenge to the cell. Solving this problem requires protein QC machinery to assay multiple molecular criteria within a spatial and temporal context. Although each QC pathway has unique criteria and mechanisms for distinguishing right from wrong, they appear to share several general concepts. We discuss principles of high-fidelity target recognition, the decisive event of all protein QC pathways, to guide future work in this area.

Keywords: chaperone; degradation; protein misfolding; triage; ubiquitination.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Proteins / metabolism*
  • Quality Control

Substances

  • Proteins