Impact of Posterior Wear on Muscle Length with Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty

Bull Hosp Jt Dis (2013). 2015 Dec;73 Suppl 1:S63-7.

Abstract

The use of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA) in patients with posterior glenoid wear can be challenging. Implanting a baseplate in the correct version may require significant eccentric reaming, which further medializes the joint line and results in greater rotator cuff muscle shortening. To restore the joint line, bone graft may be required, though it is associated with additional risks. As an alternative solution, augmented glenoid baseplates offer the potential to restore the joint line and improve rotator cuff muscle tensioning without the need for eccentric reaming or supplemental bone graft. To that end, this computer analysis quantifies the rotator cuff muscle length for standard and augmented rTSA when used in a normal and posteriorly worn glenoid. These results demonstrate that shortening of the rotator cuff occurred for both the standard and posterior augmented reverse shoulder designs with additional muscle shortening occurring in scapula with posteriorly worn glenoids. More anatomic rotator cuff muscle tensioning was observed with augmented glenoid baseplates. The use of posterior augmented glenoid baseplates has the potential to improve stability and better restore active internal and external rotation, a current limitation of rTSA. However, clinical follow-up is necessary to confirm these favorable biomechanical results.

MeSH terms

  • Arthroplasty, Replacement / adverse effects
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement / instrumentation*
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Computer Graphics
  • Computer Simulation
  • Humans
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional
  • Joint Prosthesis*
  • Models, Anatomic
  • Muscle Contraction*
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Prosthesis Failure
  • Rotator Cuff / physiopathology
  • Rotator Cuff / surgery*
  • Shoulder Joint / physiopathology
  • Shoulder Joint / surgery*
  • Stress, Mechanical
  • Treatment Outcome