Maligner: a fast ordered restriction map aligner

Bioinformatics. 2016 Apr 1;32(7):1016-22. doi: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btv711. Epub 2015 Dec 3.


Motivation: The Optical Mapping System discovers structural variants and potentiates sequence assembly of genomes via scaffolding and comparisons that globally validate or correct sequence assemblies. Despite its utility, there are few publicly available tools for aligning optical mapping datasets.

Results: Here we present software, named 'Maligner', for the alignment of both single molecule restriction maps (Rmaps) and in silico restriction maps of sequence contigs to a reference. Maligner provides two modes of alignment: an efficient, sensitive dynamic programming implementation that scales to large eukaryotic genomes, and a faster indexed based implementation for finding alignments with unmatched sites in the reference but not the query. We compare our software to other publicly available tools on Rmap datasets and show that Maligner finds more correct alignments in comparable runtime. Lastly, we introduce the M-Score statistic for normalizing alignment scores across restriction maps and demonstrate its utility for selecting high quality alignments.

Availability and implementation: The Maligner software is written in C ++ and is available at under the GNU General Public License.


MeSH terms

  • Algorithms*
  • Computer Simulation*
  • Genome*
  • Restriction Mapping*
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Software