Recurrence after surgery in the multimodality therapy for malignant pleural mesothelioma is a common problem. As the majority of patients experience not only local but also distant metastases, a systemic treatment strategy in addition to local control measures remains necessary. Nevertheless, none of the chemotherapy regimens have achieved clinical success. Local management modalities such as stereotaxic treatments, cryoablation and redo surgery on the other hand have promising results, but provide palliative outcomes.
Keywords: failure; mesothelioma; recurrence; surgery.