American Cancer Society/American Society of Clinical Oncology Breast Cancer Survivorship Care Guideline

CA Cancer J Clin. Jan-Feb 2016;66(1):43-73. doi: 10.3322/caac.21319. Epub 2015 Dec 7.

Abstract

Answer questions and earn CME/CNE The purpose of the American Cancer Society/American Society of Clinical Oncology Breast Cancer Survivorship Care Guideline is to provide recommendations to assist primary care and other clinicians in the care of female adult survivors of breast cancer. A systematic review of the literature was conducted using PubMed through April 2015. A multidisciplinary expert workgroup with expertise in primary care, gynecology, surgical oncology, medical oncology, radiation oncology, and nursing was formed and tasked with drafting the Breast Cancer Survivorship Care Guideline. A total of 1073 articles met inclusion criteria; and, after full text review, 237 were included as the evidence base. Patients should undergo regular surveillance for breast cancer recurrence, including evaluation with a cancer-related history and physical examination, and should be screened for new primary breast cancer. Data do not support performing routine laboratory tests or imaging tests in asymptomatic patients to evaluate for breast cancer recurrence. Primary care clinicians should counsel patients about the importance of maintaining a healthy lifestyle, monitor for post-treatment symptoms that can adversely affect quality of life, and monitor for adherence to endocrine therapy. Recommendations provided in this guideline are based on current evidence in the literature and expert consensus opinion. Most of the evidence is not sufficient to warrant a strong evidence-based recommendation. Recommendations on surveillance for breast cancer recurrence, screening for second primary cancers, assessment and management of physical and psychosocial long-term and late effects of breast cancer and its treatment, health promotion, and care coordination/practice implications are made.

Keywords: breast cancer; care coordination; clinical care; follow-up; guideline; late effects; long-term effects; primary care; quality of life; survivorship; survivorship care plan.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • American Cancer Society
  • Body Image
  • Breast Neoplasms / complications
  • Breast Neoplasms / psychology
  • Breast Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Early Detection of Cancer
  • Female
  • Genetic Counseling
  • Humans
  • Medical History Taking
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis
  • Neoplasms, Second Primary / diagnosis
  • Physical Examination
  • Quality of Life
  • Risk Assessment
  • Survivors* / psychology
  • United States
  • Young Adult