In this study, the effects of growth conditions on archaellation in Methanococcus maripaludis were examined. Cells were grown in a variety of media, including complex, minimal and with formate as the electron donor, with different nitrogen sources, varied salinities and at a variety of growth temperatures. Of the conditions tested, Western blot results showed that major archaellin FlaB2 levels only varied detectably as a result of growth temperature. Whilst the amount of FlaB2 was similar for cells grown at < 35 °C, protein levels decreased at 38 °C and were barely detectable at 42 °C. Quantitative reverse transcription PCR experiments demonstrated that the flaB2 transcript levels were almost undetectable at 42 °C. Electron microscopy confirmed that the FlaB2 levels detected by Western blots corresponded to the state of archaellation, with cells grown at 42 °C being mostly non-archaellated. Unexpectedly, a lower apparent molecular mass for FlaB2 was observed in Western blots of cells grown at temperatures >38 °C, suggestive of a truncation in the attached N-linked tetrasaccharide at higher growth temperatures. MS analysis of archaella isolated from cells grown at 40 °C confirmed that FlaB2 was now decorated with a trisaccharide in which the third sugar was also lacking the attached threonine and acetamidino modifications found in the WT glycan.