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Review
, 39 (1), 212-33

Use and Practice of Achiral and Chiral Supercritical Fluid Chromatography in Pharmaceutical Analysis and Purification

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Review

Use and Practice of Achiral and Chiral Supercritical Fluid Chromatography in Pharmaceutical Analysis and Purification

Elise Lemasson et al. J Sep Sci.

Abstract

The interest of pharmaceutical companies for complementary high-performance chromatographic tools to assess a product's purity or enhance this purity is on the rise. The high-throughput capability and economic benefits of supercritical fluid chromatography, but also the "green" aspect of CO2 as the principal solvent, render supercritical fluid chromatography very attractive for a wide range of pharmaceutical applications. The recent reintroduction of new robust instruments dedicated to supercritical fluid chromatography and the progress in stationary phase technology have also greatly benefited supercritical fluid chromatography. Additionally, it was shown several times that supercritical fluid chromatography could be orthogonal to reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography and could efficiently compete with it. Supercritical fluid chromatography is an adequate tool for small molecules of pharmaceutical interest: synthetic intermediates, active pharmaceutical ingredients, impurities, or degradation products. In this review, we first discuss about general chromatographic conditions for supercritical fluid chromatography analysis to better suit compounds of pharmaceutical interest. We also discuss about the use of achiral and chiral supercritical fluid chromatography for analytical purposes and the recent applications in these areas. The use of preparative supercritical fluid chromatography by pharmaceutical companies is also covered.

Keywords: Enantioseparation; Impurity profiling; Pharmaceutical analysis; Purification; Supercritical fluid chromatography.

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