Mechanical ventilation for children

Curr Opin Crit Care. 2016 Feb;22(1):60-6. doi: 10.1097/MCC.0000000000000271.


Purpose of review: The aim of this review is to analyze innovative data pertaining to the clinical use of mechanical ventilation for children.

Recent findings: The optimal definition and treatment of pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome, the application of innovative ventilation modes in children to optimize child/ventilator interaction, and pediatric noninvasive ventilation, including specific interfaces, have been recently evaluated in the literature.

Summary: Despite the improvement observed in the last decades in the treatment of pediatric acute respiratory failure and the diffusion of innovative modes of mechanical ventilation, there are no clear and consistent guidelines for the use of mechanical ventilation for children. In several areas data are still lacking, and in many others they are extrapolated from studies performed in adults; the direct evaluation of results obtained from studies specific to the pediatric population is therefore crucial.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Critical Illness / therapy
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • High-Frequency Ventilation / adverse effects
  • High-Frequency Ventilation / methods*
  • Hospital Mortality / trends
  • Humans
  • Intensive Care Units, Pediatric
  • Male
  • Noninvasive Ventilation / instrumentation
  • Noninvasive Ventilation / methods*
  • Pediatrics / methods
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Respiration, Artificial / instrumentation
  • Respiration, Artificial / methods
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome / mortality*
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome / therapy*
  • Risk Assessment
  • Sex Factors
  • Survival Rate
  • Treatment Outcome