Ischemic heart disease among the general Mongolian population: a review of epidemiological studies

Int Health. 2016 Jan;8(1):13-7. doi: 10.1093/inthealth/ihv064. Epub 2015 Dec 7.


Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is considered to be a pivotal health problem in Mongolia. To summarize the existing epidemiology of IHD in the general Mongolian population is crucial for primary prevention. The present review summarized population-based epidemiological data of IHD in Mongolia. When epidemiological studies were extracted from databases, very limited studies were available. The frequencies of IHD and IHD-attributable death rates appeared to be high and have an increased tendency in Mongolia. This could to be due to a gradually worsening state of potential IHD-related risk factors, such as smoking, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, obesity and diabetes mellitus. This might indicate an urgent need of strategies for IHD and related risk factors. Anti-IHD strategies, such as more epidemiological studies and campaigns to increase awareness of IHD, at nationwide public health levels would be required in Mongolia for more effective prevention.

Keywords: Acute coronary syndrome; Angina pectoris; Cardiovascular disease; Ischemic heart disease; Mongolia; Myocardial infarction.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus / epidemiology
  • Epidemiologic Studies
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Mongolia / epidemiology
  • Myocardial Ischemia / epidemiology*
  • Obesity / epidemiology
  • Risk Factors
  • Smoking / epidemiology