Impact of atmospheric dispersion and transport of viral aerosols on the epidemiology of influenza

Rev Infect Dis. 1989 May-Jun;11(3):494-7. doi: 10.1093/clinids/11.3.494.


Current theories of influenza viral epidemiology have not explained the persistence, seasonality, and explosive outbreaks of virus over large geographic areas. It is postulated in this paper that atmospheric dispersion and intercontinental scale transport of airborne aerosolized influenza virus may contribute to the spread, persistence, and ubiquity of the disease, the explosiveness of epidemics, and the prompt region-wide occurrence of outbreaks and that seasonal changes in circulation patterns and the dispersive character of the atmosphere may help to explain the regular annual cycle of influenza activity.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aerosols
  • Air Microbiology*
  • Disease Outbreaks*
  • Humans
  • Influenza, Human / epidemiology*
  • Influenza, Human / transmission
  • Orthomyxoviridae / physiology*
  • Seasons


  • Aerosols