Meta- and Orthogonal Integration of Influenza "OMICs" Data Defines a Role for UBR4 in Virus Budding

Cell Host Microbe. 2015 Dec 9;18(6):723-35. doi: 10.1016/j.chom.2015.11.002.

Abstract

Several systems-level datasets designed to dissect host-pathogen interactions during influenza A infection have been reported. However, apparent discordance among these data has hampered their full utility toward advancing mechanistic and therapeutic knowledge. To collectively reconcile these datasets, we performed a meta-analysis of data from eight published RNAi screens and integrated these data with three protein interaction datasets, including one generated within the context of this study. Further integration of these data with global virus-host interaction analyses revealed a functionally validated biochemical landscape of the influenza-host interface, which can be queried through a simplified and customizable web portal (http://www.metascape.org/IAV). Follow-up studies revealed that the putative ubiquitin ligase UBR4 associates with the viral M2 protein and promotes apical transport of viral proteins. Taken together, the integrative analysis of influenza OMICs datasets illuminates a viral-host network of high-confidence human proteins that are essential for influenza A virus replication.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Calmodulin-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cell Line
  • Computational Biology
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins / metabolism*
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Host-Pathogen Interactions*
  • Humans
  • Immunoprecipitation
  • Influenza A virus / physiology*
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Microscopy, Fluorescence
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Interaction Maps
  • Protein Transport
  • Viral Matrix Proteins / metabolism*
  • Virus Release*

Substances

  • Calmodulin-Binding Proteins
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • M2 protein, Influenza A virus
  • Viral Matrix Proteins
  • UBR4 protein, human