Guidelines for psychological practice with transgender and gender nonconforming people

Am Psychol. 2015 Dec;70(9):832-64. doi: 10.1037/a0039906.


In 2015, the American Psychological Association adopted Guidelines for Psychological Practice with Transgender and Gender Nonconforming Clients in order to describe affirmative psychological practice with transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) clients. There are 16 guidelines in this document that guide TGNC-affirmative psychological practice across the lifespan, from TGNC children to older adults. The Guidelines are organized into five clusters: (a) foundational knowledge and awareness; (b) stigma, discrimination, and barriers to care; (c) lifespan development; (d) assessment, therapy, and intervention; and (e) research, education, and training. In addition, the guidelines provide attention to TGNC people across a range of gender and racial/ethnic identities. The psychological practice guidelines also attend to issues of research and how psychologists may address the many social inequities TGNC people experience.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Gender Identity*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Psychotherapy*
  • Social Stigma*
  • Transgender Persons / psychology*