[Sonography of the thyroid gland in children]

Z Kinderchir. 1989 Jun;44(3):135-8. doi: 10.1055/s-2008-1043219.
[Article in German]


The total volume of the thyroid gland is 1.2/1.0 ccm in male/female newborns; it increases with age up to 7.4 ccm in boys and 7.5 ccm in girls (13-16 years). The relation of total thyroid volume and body surface area is without a significant sex difference 4.5/4.8 ccm/sqm in newborn and about 4.8 ccm/sqm in children aged more than 9 years. Thyroid disorders to be discussed are a cyst, a nodule with an echo-free centre, connatal athyreosis and goitre.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Goiter, Endemic / diagnosis
  • Goiter, Nodular / diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Reference Values
  • Sex Factors
  • Thyroid Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Thyroid Gland / abnormalities
  • Thyroid Gland / pathology*
  • Ultrasonography*