Results of silicone oil removal in advanced proliferative vitreoretinopathy

Am J Ophthalmol. 1989 Jul 15;108(1):15-21. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9394(14)73254-4.


We reviewed the results of silicone oil removal after vitreous surgery for recurrent retinal detachment with proliferative vitreoretinopathy in 55 eyes. The minimum follow-up period was six months. Retinal detachment recurred in five eyes (9%). Evidence of recurrent epiretinal membrane formation at the time of or after silicone oil removal was noted in 21 eyes (38%). Penetrating keratoplasty combined with silicone oil removal was successful in five of six patients. Mild corneal changes noted in ten eyes (18%) remained the same or cleared in seven eyes after silicone oil removal. Overall, postoperative visual acuity improved in 24 eyes (44%), remained the same in 18 eyes (33%), and decreased in 13 (24%). In 22 eyes without clinical evidence of silicone-associated complications at the time of silicone oil removal, postoperative visual acuity remained unchanged or improved in 20 (91%).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Cornea / drug effects
  • Cornea / pathology
  • Corneal Diseases / therapy
  • Corneal Transplantation
  • Drainage*
  • Edema / therapy
  • Eye Diseases / surgery
  • Humans
  • Intraocular Pressure
  • Recurrence
  • Reoperation
  • Retinal Diseases / surgery*
  • Silicone Oils* / adverse effects
  • Visual Acuity
  • Vitreous Body*


  • Silicone Oils