Marchantia polymorpha: Taxonomy, Phylogeny and Morphology of a Model System

Plant Cell Physiol. 2016 Feb;57(2):230-56. doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcv192. Epub 2015 Dec 11.


One of the classical research plants in plant biology, Marchantia polymorpha, is drawing attention as a new model system. Its ease of genetic transformation and a genome sequencing project have attracted attention to the species. Here I present a thorough assessment of the taxonomic status, anatomy and developmental morphology of each organ and tissue of the gametophyte and sporophyte on the basis of a thorough review of the literature and my own observations. Marchantia polymorpha has been a subject of intensive study for nearly 200 years, and the information summarized here offers an invaluable resource for future studies on this model plant.

Keywords: Air pore; Apical cell; Fertilization; Gemma; Liverwort; Marchantia polymorpha.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Chromosomes, Plant / genetics
  • Fertilization
  • Marchantia / anatomy & histology*
  • Marchantia / classification*
  • Models, Biological*
  • Phylogeny*
  • Spores / physiology