Objective: To investigate the correlation between polymorphisms of uric acid transporter related gene SLC17A1 and hyperuricemia (HUA) among ethnic Uygur patients from Xinjiang.
Methods: A case-control study was carried out, which enrolled 1036 patients with hyperuricemia and 1031 healthy controls. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the SLC17A1 gene were determined with Sequenom MassARRAY. Crossover analysis was used to assess the effect of interaction between above SNPs and alcohol drinking on uric acid level.
Results: Genotypic and allelic frequencies of the SLC17A1 gene at the two loci in the two groups were compared. The CT genotype of the rs9467596 locus and TC genotype of the rs2096386 locus showed a higher risk for hyperuricemia (OR=1.334, 95%CI:1.082-1.644; OR=1.242, 95%CI:1.015-1.519, respectively). Crossover analysis also revealed that the SLC17A1 rs2096386 polymorphism has a positive interaction with alcohol drinking in a multiplication model (ORint=1.21, P<0.05, OR>1).
Conclusion: SNP rs9467596 and rs2096386 of the SLC17A1 gene may have a correlation between hyperuricemia and alcohol drinking among Uygur patients.