Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 89 (5), 557-63

Recognition of the Cornelia De Lange Syndrome Phenotype With Facial Dysmorphology Novel Analysis

Affiliations

Recognition of the Cornelia De Lange Syndrome Phenotype With Facial Dysmorphology Novel Analysis

L Basel-Vanagaite et al. Clin Genet.

Abstract

Facial analysis systems are becoming available to healthcare providers to aid in the recognition of dysmorphic phenotypes associated with a multitude of genetic syndromes. These technologies automatically detect facial points and extract various measurements from images to recognize dysmorphic features and evaluate similarities to known facial patterns (gestalts). To evaluate such systems' usefulness for supporting the clinical practice of healthcare professionals, the recognition accuracy of the Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) phenotype was examined with FDNA's automated facial dysmorphology novel analysis (FDNA) technology. In the first experiment, 2D facial images of CdLS patients with either an NIPBL or SMC1A gene mutation as well as non-CdLS patients which were assessed by dysmorphologists in a previous study were evaluated by the FDNA technology; the average detection rate of experts was 77% while the system's detection rate was 87%. In the second study, when a new set of NIPBL, SMC1A and non-CdLS patient photos was evaluated, the detection rate increased to 94%. The results from both studies indicated that the system's detection rate was comparable to that of dysmorphology experts. Therefore, utilizing such technologies may be a useful tool in a clinical setting.

Keywords: CdLS; FDNA; automated facial recognition; clinical genetics; dysmorphology.

Similar articles

  • Cornelia de Lange syndrome in diverse populations.
    Dowsett L, Porras AR, Kruszka P, Davis B, Hu T, Honey E, Badoe E, Thong MK, Leon E, Girisha KM, Shukla A, Nayak SS, Shotelersuk V, Megarbane A, Phadke S, Sirisena ND, Dissanayake VHW, Ferreira CR, Kisling MS, Tanpaiboon P, Uwineza A, Mutesa L, Tekendo-Ngongang C, Wonkam A, Fieggen K, Batista LC, Moretti-Ferreira D, Stevenson RE, Prijoles EJ, Everman D, Clarkson K, Worthington J, Kimonis V, Hisama F, Crowe C, Wong P, Johnson K, Clark RD, Bird L, Masser-Frye D, McDonald M, Willems P, Roeder E, Saitta S, Anyane-Yeoba K, Demmer L, Hamajima N, Stark Z, Gillies G, Hudgins L, Dave U, Shalev S, Siu V, Ades A, Dubbs H, Raible S, Kaur M, Salzano E, Jackson L, Deardorff M, Kline A, Summar M, Muenke M, Linguraru MG, Krantz ID. Dowsett L, et al. Am J Med Genet A. 2019 Feb;179(2):150-158. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.61033. Epub 2019 Jan 6. Am J Med Genet A. 2019. PMID: 30614194 Free PMC article.
  • A series of 38 novel germline and somatic mutations of NIPBL in Cornelia de Lange syndrome.
    Nizon M, Henry M, Michot C, Baumann C, Bazin A, Bessières B, Blesson S, Cordier-Alex MP, David A, Delahaye-Duriez A, Delezoïde AL, Dieux-Coeslier A, Doco-Fenzy M, Faivre L, Goldenberg A, Layet V, Loget P, Marlin S, Martinovic J, Odent S, Pasquier L, Plessis G, Prieur F, Putoux A, Rio M, Testard H, Bonnefont JP, Cormier-Daire V. Nizon M, et al. Clin Genet. 2016 May;89(5):584-9. doi: 10.1111/cge.12720. Epub 2016 Feb 3. Clin Genet. 2016. PMID: 26701315
  • Novel findings of left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy, microform cleft lip and poor vision in patient with SMC1A-associated Cornelia de Lange syndrome.
    Wenger TL, Chow P, Randle SC, Rosen A, Birgfeld C, Wrede J, Javid P, King D, Manh V, Hing AV, Albers E. Wenger TL, et al. Am J Med Genet A. 2017 Feb;173(2):414-420. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.38030. Epub 2016 Nov 7. Am J Med Genet A. 2017. PMID: 28102598 Review.
  • De novo heterozygous mutations in SMC3 cause a range of Cornelia de Lange syndrome-overlapping phenotypes.
    Gil-Rodríguez MC, Deardorff MA, Ansari M, Tan CA, Parenti I, Baquero-Montoya C, Ousager LB, Puisac B, Hernández-Marcos M, Teresa-Rodrigo ME, Marcos-Alcalde I, Wesselink JJ, Lusa-Bernal S, Bijlsma EK, Braunholz D, Bueno-Martinez I, Clark D, Cooper NS, Curry CJ, Fisher R, Fryer A, Ganesh J, Gervasini C, Gillessen-Kaesbach G, Guo Y, Hakonarson H, Hopkin RJ, Kaur M, Keating BJ, Kibaek M, Kinning E, Kleefstra T, Kline AD, Kuchinskaya E, Larizza L, Li YR, Liu X, Mariani M, Picker JD, Pié Á, Pozojevic J, Queralt E, Richer J, Roeder E, Sinha A, Scott RH, So J, Wusik KA, Wilson L, Zhang J, Gómez-Puertas P, Casale CH, Ström L, Selicorni A, Ramos FJ, Jackson LG, Krantz ID, Das S, Hennekam RC, Kaiser FJ, FitzPatrick DR, Pié J. Gil-Rodríguez MC, et al. Hum Mutat. 2015 Apr;36(4):454-62. doi: 10.1002/humu.22761. Epub 2015 Mar 17. Hum Mutat. 2015. PMID: 25655089 Clinical Trial.
  • Mutation spectrum and genotype-phenotype correlation in Cornelia de Lange syndrome.
    Mannini L, Cucco F, Quarantotti V, Krantz ID, Musio A. Mannini L, et al. Hum Mutat. 2013 Dec;34(12):1589-96. doi: 10.1002/humu.22430. Epub 2013 Sep 16. Hum Mutat. 2013. PMID: 24038889 Free PMC article. Review.
See all similar articles

Cited by 15 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Substances

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback