The domains of virulent (Ureα/β, VacA-p55, and CagA) factors of Helicobacter pylori play a pivotal role in developmental processes of numerous diseases including gastric cancer. The pharmacological role of curcumin indicates that it could regulate the signaling of virulent factors by interacting with active domains. However, the controlling mechanism of the curcumin interactions and the binding diversity on structural basis of virulent (Ureα/β, VacA-p55, and CagA) factors are unknown. Curcumin as therapeutic agent was filtered by using Lipinski rule׳s five and the druglikeness property for assessment of pharmacological properties. Here outcome of molecular docking presented the 3-D structure of curcumin complex, that interacted with especially conserved residues of target domains. The structure revealed that the curcumin complexation with domains of these proteins provided structural insight into the diverse nature of proteins (Ureα/β, VacA-p55, and CagA) recognition. In silico study elucidated that the broad specificity of curcumin was achieved by multiple binding mode mechanisms such as distinct hydrogen and hydrophobic interactions with involvement of binding energy. The higher score of curcumin in complexation with both subunits Ureα/β showed the stable binding, and less stability with VacA-p55 complexation with lower score. Curcumin exhibited good interaction with these targeted virulent factors, although extensive interactions of curcumin with Ureα/β subunits could have an important implication to prevent survival and colonisation of H. pylori in stomach.
Keywords: Curcumin; Docking; Helicobacter pylori; Residues.