Dunaliella salina is resistant to arsenic (As) and can accumulate a large amount of this highly toxic metalloid in cells. To study the mechanisms of As tolerance, a label-free, LC-MS/MS-based proteomic approach was applied for the first time to identify and quantify differentially expressed proteins from D. salina exposed to 11.2 mg L(-1) arsenate (As(V)) for 72 h. The intracellular As content reached 19.8 mg kg(-1), leading to a significant increase of lipid peroxidation in cells and a 7.4% growth reduction of this microalga. Sixty-five proteins were differentially expressed (p < 0.05), with 45 significantly induced and 20 declined. These proteins were involved in energy metabolism, protein synthesis and folding, ROS scavenging and defense, phosphate transport and membrane trafficking, and amino acid synthesis. Taken together, this study provides novel insights on the As(V) detoxification in D. salina.
Keywords: Arsenic; Dunaliella; LC-MS/MS; Label-free; Proteomics.
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