Characterization saprobic fungi on leaf litter of two species of trees in the Atlantic Forest, Brazil

Braz J Microbiol. 2015 Oct-Dec;46(4):1027-35. doi: 10.1590/S1517-838246420140548. Epub 2015 Oct 9.


We investigated the composition and structure of fungal communities associated with leaf litter generated by Clusia nemorosa and Vismia guianensis that belong to phylogenetically-related botanical families and exist together in a remnant of the Atlantic Forest in Bahia, Brazil. Samplings were conducted during wet (June 2011) and dry (January 2013) seasons in Serra da Jibóia. The fungi were isolated using particle filtration and the 1,832 isolates represented 92 taxa. The wet season yielded the largest number of isolates (1,141) and taxa (76) compared with the dry season (641 isolates and 37 taxa). The richness and diversity of fungal species associated with C. nemorosa (64 taxa, Simpson=0.95)were higher compared with those of V.guianensis (59 taxa, Simpson =0.90). Analysis of similarity (ANOSIM) revealed significant variations in the composition and community structure of fungi isolated from the two plants as a function of seasons. In contrast, nonmetric multidimensional scaling (NMDS) analysis show that the seasonality was an important influence on the distribution of fungal species. However, the populations of the saprobic fungal communities were dynamic, and several factors may influence such communities in the Atlantic Forest.

MeSH terms

  • Brazil
  • Clusia / microbiology*
  • Clusiaceae / microbiology*
  • Ecosystem
  • Forests
  • Fungi / classification
  • Fungi / genetics
  • Fungi / isolation & purification*
  • Plant Leaves / microbiology*
  • Seasons
  • Trees / microbiology