[Assisted Reproduction and Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis in Patients Susceptible to Breast Cancer]

Klin Onkol. 2016;29 Suppl 1:S93-9. doi: 10.14735/amko2016s93.
[Article in Czech]

Abstract

Background: Assisted reproduction, as well as pregnancy itself, in patients with breast cancer or other hereditary type of cancer, is a widely discussed topic. In the past, patients treated for breast cancer were rarely involved in the discussion about reproductive possibilities or infertility treatment. However, current knowledge suggests, that breast cancer is neither a contraindication to pregnancy, nor to assisted reproduction techniques. On the contrary, assisted reproduction and preimplantation genetic diagnosis methods might prevent the transmission of genetic risks to the fetus.

Aim: In this review we summarize data concerning pregnancy risks in patients with increased risk of breast cancer. In addition, we introduce current possibilities and approaches to fertility preservation prior to assisted reproduction treatment as well as novel methods improving the safety of fertility treatment. In the second part of this review, we focus on karyomapping--an advanced molecular genetic tool for elimination of germinal mutations in patients with predisposition to cancer. Moreover, the rapid development of preimplantation genetic diagnosis methods contributes to detection of both chromosomal aneuploidy and causal mutations in a relatively short time-span.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Breast Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Female
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
  • Genetic Testing*
  • Humans
  • Preimplantation Diagnosis*
  • Reproductive Techniques, Assisted*