Loss of the proteostasis factor AIRAPL causes myeloid transformation by deregulating IGF-1 signaling

Nat Med. 2016 Jan;22(1):91-6. doi: 10.1038/nm.4013. Epub 2015 Dec 21.

Abstract

AIRAPL (arsenite-inducible RNA-associated protein-like) is an evolutionarily conserved regulator of cellular proteostasis linked to longevity in nematodes, but its biological function in mammals is unknown. We show herein that AIRAPL-deficient mice develop a fully-penetrant myeloproliferative neoplastic process. Proteomic analysis of AIRAPL-deficient mice revealed that this protein exerts its antineoplastic function through the regulation of the insulin/insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) signaling pathway. We demonstrate that AIRAPL interacts with newly synthesized insulin-related growth factor-1 receptor (IGF1R) polypeptides, promoting their ubiquitination and proteasome-mediated degradation. Accordingly, genetic and pharmacological IGF1R inhibitory strategies prevent the hematological disease found in AIRAPL-deficient mice as well as that in mice carrying the Jak2(V617F) mutation, thereby demonstrating the causal involvement of this pathway in the pathogenesis of myeloproliferative neoplasms. Consistent with its proposed role as a tumor suppressor of myeloid transformation, AIRAPL expression is widely abrogated in human myeloproliferative disorders. Collectively, these findings support the oncogenic relevance of proteostasis deregulation in hematopoietic cells, and they unveil novel therapeutic targets for these frequent hematological neoplasias.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blotting, Western
  • CRISPR-Cas Systems
  • Caenorhabditis elegans
  • Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins / genetics
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics*
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Humans
  • Immunoprecipitation
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor I / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Microfilament Proteins / genetics
  • Myeloproliferative Disorders / genetics*
  • Myeloproliferative Disorders / metabolism
  • Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex / metabolism
  • Proteomics
  • Proteostasis Deficiencies
  • RNA-Binding Proteins / genetics*
  • RNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Receptor, IGF Type 1 / metabolism*
  • Receptor, Insulin / genetics
  • Signal Transduction
  • Ubiquitination
  • Zinc Fingers / genetics

Substances

  • Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Microfilament Proteins
  • RNA-Binding Proteins
  • ZFAND2B protein, human
  • Zfand2b protein, mouse
  • unc-78 protein, C elegans
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
  • DAF-2 protein, C elegans
  • Receptor, IGF Type 1
  • Receptor, Insulin
  • Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex